Mesothelioma is cancer that starts in the layers of tissue that cover each lung. More rarely it starts in the layer of tissue in the abdomen that surrounds the digestive system organs. Mesothelioma in its early stages does not have many symptoms, whether it is in your chest (pleural mesothelioma) or your abdomen (peritoneal mesothelioma). Often caused by the cancer growing and pressing on a nerve or another body organ, when mesothelioma symptoms do develop. In 2015 about 60,800 people had mesothelioma, and 32,000 died from the disease.
Pleural mesothelioma and peritoneal mesothelioma are the two main types of mesothelioma. In the sheets of tissue that cover the lungs Pleural mesothelioma starts. In the tissue lining the inside of the stomach (abdomen), grows peritoneal mesothelioma. Peritoneal mesothelioma is less common than pleural mesothelioma. The physician can tell cancer stages where it is, how big it is and whether it has spread. The stage of your cancer is provided by the information in the tests and scans you have when diagnosing.
The treatment you need is determined by the doctor when he knows the scene.The adaptation used for mesothelioma in the chest (pleural mesothelioma) is different to the staging for mesothelioma in the abdomen (peritoneal mesothelioma). Until two to five decades (or more) after exposure to asbestos mesothelioma sign signs and symptoms may not appear.
At stage one, Mesothelioma cells are in the pleura around the lung on one side of your chest. Mesothelioma cells are in the inner layer of the pleura (visceral pleura), but only on one side of the chest, at stage two. Mesothelioma at stage three, has spread to both layers of the pleura on one side of the body, and has enlarged to form a tumor mass on the pleural tissue around the lungs, or has started to spread into the diaphragm muscle or the lung tissue.Mesothelioma at its fourth stage spreads to the chest wall or the covering of the heart (pericardium) but is still potentially removable by surgery, or it has spread to the lymph nodes on the same side of the chest.
In the 5th stage, mesothelioma cannot be removed by surgery because it has spread to different parts of the chest wall, or has grown through the diaphragm into the peritoneum, or to the pleura on the other side of the body, or to the chest organs, or through to the inner layer of the pericardium.
Many different factors determine survival. You can get a lot of practical and emotional support for yourself and your family when you have mesothelioma.
In most cases mesothelioma can be prevented by avoiding exposure to asbestos. Before the use of asbestos commercially the disease was rare.